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Supremacy of judiciary is another very important feature of a federal state where there is an independent judiciary to interpret the Constitution and to maintain its sanctity.
The Supreme Court of India has the original jurisdiction to settle disputes between the Union and the States.
It can declare a law as unconstitutional, if it contravenes any provision of the Constitution.
In spite of the fact that the Indian Constitution establishes a federal structure, it is indeed very difficult to put the Indian Constitution in the category of a true federation.
This enables the Union government to exercise control over the State administration.
The equality of units in a federation is best guaranteed by their equal representation in the Uppers House of the federal legislature (Parliament).
The working of Indian federal system clearly reveals that the Governor has acted more as centre’s representative than as the head of the State.
The procedure of amending the Constitution in a federal system is normally rigid.
Indian Constitution provides that some amendments require a special majority.
It has been the matter of debate among the scholars that whether the constitution of India is completely federal or unitary in nature.
But actually Indian constitution contains both features of a federal constitution and unitary constitution.