Nwg macintosh centre for quaternary dating

However, only with the wider exploration of the continent by Europeans and the beginnings of a global trade in human cranial remains during the 19th Century was a systematic effort made to understand their skeletal morphology [22].

Again, it must be stressed that not all researchers accepted this hypothesis, Macintosh in particular reversing his earlier endorsement [46].sapiens and had in mind a global evolutionary sequence in which “Solo Man” (Ngandong) and “Rhodesian Man” (Kabwe) were examples of “proto-Australians,” belonging together to living humans in H. Also, Dubois [28, 29] thought that the Wadjak remains he recovered from Indonesia were “Australoid” although they now seem to be terminal Pleistocene in age and are probably not related to Aboriginal Australians [32].With the ideas of Weidenreich [33, 34] and Coon [35], the “Pithecanthropoid-Australoid” lineage hypothesis become a major feature of palaeoanthropological theorising.A recent major review of the question of modern human origins [1] identified three major issues for Australian palaeoanthropology to be resolved: (1) the relationship of the first Australians to later inhabitants of the continent, (2) whether late Pleistocene morphological diversity may have been accentuated by the severity of the last glacial maximum, leading to isolation and the forcing of morphological change in some Australian populations, and (3) if archaic populations such as those known from Ngandong did survive into the late Pleistocene, an analogous situation to that in Europe might have existed, raising the possibility of gene flow with dispersing H. Stringer’s [1] points 2 and 3 relate to the possible cause(s) of cranial robusticity in some Pleistocene/early Holocene Australians.That is, whether such features arose as a result of natural selection acting on populations within Australia or were brought here by people who evolved from, or hybridised/admixed with, a nonmodern population in Southeast Asia (i.e., the Solo/Ngandong hominins).

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