Updating automatic electric monophone

This study traces the history of this productive output, which in fact has two sources.

We begin therefore with two separate stories, first that of the company which started the Liverpool telecommunications industry long before the advent of the automatic telephone, and second the progression of events in the development of the dial telephone which led to formation of the ATM company in the Strowger Works.

More significantly, they supplied large quantities of telephone wire and 26-pair cable for the National Telephone Company, as well as power and lighting cables for Brussels and for St Petersburg.

It is interesting also to note that the energetic Mr Crosland Taylor also floated with a M.

Automatic Electric established a number of subsidiaries and licensees which used the Strowger name, but none was more successful than the British concern, known over the years as the Automatic Telephone Manufacturing Company (ATM), Automatic Telephone and Electric (ATE), Plessey Telecommunications Ltd. Changing political and economic influences outside the companies' control have meant that not all former world markets are still open, although Eastern Europe and China are once again considered potential opportunities.

In a historical outlook, taking into consideration the separate development and progression of telephone switching technology at Edge Lane and its spread world-wide into the former British empire and spheres of influence, it can be argued that British practice eventually had more influence on world telephony than did Chicago.

Acknowledgement is readily made to all previous authors on this subject whose texts have helped so much to produce this history.The Liverpool organisation can lay claim to a story of continuous innovation and success, not only in the home market but world-wide.The timing of this study (just after the 75th anniversary of the opening of Britain's first public automatic exchange in 1912) also allows us to correct the impression that automatic telephony was slow to take root in this country.For the first time in print it can be reported that Britain's automatic telephone history goes back somewhat further than assumed, in fact to 1898, when the first dial telephone installation was ordered.The Strowger organisation was involved throughout the whole era, from the outset in 1898 to the present day.

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